By far the most frequent questions I get from people who are thinking about trying out the new furniture paints (chalk paint, milk paint, plaster paint) are regarding paste furniture wax.
They typically go something like this:
“Why do I have to use the wax?”
“Can I use something else as a topcoat?”
“What type of furniture wax is the best?”
“How do I put it on?”
“Will it be durable?”
So in an effort clear up some of the wax confusion out there, here is my Wax 101 post.
Wax 101 – What’s the Deal with Paste Furniture Wax?
Furniture Paste Wax is not a new invention, but the popularity of chalk and milk paints have brought it to the forefront of the DIY furniture-painting world.
Why is that? Well, chalk and milk paint are flat-finish, porous paints.
Therefore they require a topcoat of some kind to seal them and upgrade their finish to a more matte or satin appearance.
Polyurethane has been the unofficial standard topcoat for many, many years, but it can be difficult to work with and may yellow over time.
It also chips off in large pieces (since it basically a dried piece of plastic laying on top of your paint), and so is harder to touch up.
Paste wax is now the marketed option for most chalk paint and milk paint projects. And while it produces a very different finish than poly, it is a good option. There are ups and downs to wax though too, which I’ll talk about more.
Ultimately, the reason furniture wax is sold as the topcoat of choice for wax and milk paints is that, unlike poly, it will settle down into the porous paint finish and cure up over time.
When scratched, it won’t flake off in big chunks like poly because in essence, it “becomes” part of the paint’s finish.
Is everybody following me so far?
Different Wax Brands?
Many brands of paste wax exist, from stuff you can buy at Home Depot to more “boutique” waxes sold with chalk and milk paint lines.
From my personal experience, the main difference between the various brands is in how environmentally-friendly their ingredients are and their softness or consistency.
Over these past several years, I have tried many different waxes and used many different waxing techniques. I know what I like and what I don’t like, and what seems to generally work and what most often doesn’t.
In an effort to cut down on costs, I tried using the hardware store brands (like Fiddes & Sons and Minxwax) rather than boutique furniture brands (Annie Sloan, Miss Mustard Seed’s, etc) but was disappointed with the hardware store brands as a whole. They had a really bad smell that lingered for quite some time and I found them thicker in consistency and harder to smooth out.
So since I was waxing a lot, I decided to spend the extra money and go back to using what I liked. By far my favorite wax to use is from the Homestead House line–they produce a wax with their own brand name as well as underneath the brand name of Miss Mustard Seed’s Milk Paint. What I love about these waxes are that they are environmentally friendly, have no odor, and are soft as butter. They glide on so easily and blend well, which makes the waxing process more enjoyable for me.
How Do You Apply It?
Every painter has their own method of applying wax, and I believe really it comes down to preference.
When I have a large piece to work with, I will brush my wax on with a brush because it is quicker.
In smaller areas I often apply wax with an old t-shirt (light color shirt for light color paints, and vice versa). Both techniques have worked well for me.
Wax brushes are marketed and sold along with many boutique waxes, like these from
To date, I have not purchased nor used a wax brush.
When I do use a brush, I use inexpensive brushes from Walmart or the hardware store. The inexpensive brushes have worked fine for me, so I have not felt it worth the investment to purchase a more expensive brush.
The one time where a brush really does work better than a rag is when you are trying to work the wax into detail areas or areas witrim.m . The brush can push the wax into the cracks and crevices much better than a rag can.
After your wax is applied, allow it to dry according to the particular wax’s instructions, then if you choose you can buff it with a soft cloth to add more shine.
Note, buffing is not the easiest task! It takes some real elbow grease, and don’t expect to create a deep shine like on factory-finished furniture.
Is it Durable?
Yes, I have found wax to provide a durable finish, but quite different from the durability a poly provides.
What I like about wax is that it if you do scratch a small space, often a little more wax will fix the problem, or some small touch up paint to the spot.
It’s harder to repair a scratched poly-coated spot–usually the whole area has to be sanded down, repainted, and a new layer of poly reapplied.
The problem I have found with wax’s durability is that the finished surface stays “soft” . . . meaning that the scrape of a fingernail or sliding an object across the surface will leave a mark in the wax that shows up in the sunlight.
Wax is not going to produce the hard, glossy finish that poly will, so while the paint itself doesn’t scratch, the wax does.
This has been an issue for several of my clients, mainly because it’s not what they expect from a protective finish. If you want a perfect, spotless, hard finish–like the finish of manufactured painted furniture–then a wax topcoat is not for you.
A waxed finish also does not work well in wet areas, so I avoid using wax as a sealer for any sort of cabinetry.
What About the Dark Wax?
Using a dark wax or antiquing wax product to add depth to a finish is a wonderful technique. However, it is very important to know that if you want to use a dark wax on a piece, you must either apply a coat of clear wax to the furniture first or mix the dark with clear wax.
Dark wax by itself is very unforgiving, and it will stain your porous paint. The clear wax provides a barrier to the stain of the dark wax and keeps it from making the piece too dark and streaky.
I have found best way to achieve an authentic antiqued look with dark wax is to mix it with clear wax, brush on, then wipe off the excess.
Go back with a brush and push a little additional dark wax into the corners and cracks of the furniture, to mimic the look of “dirt” collected over the years.
One can of dark wax will last you forever! It only takes a very little bit to make a big difference, so use it sparingly.
Do I Like Using Wax?
(update April 2015, I now use Fusion Mineral Paint in place of chalk paint and find it produces excellent results for a more affordable price, and it requires no wax…yes ,you heard me…no waxing required)
The answer is a complicated yes . . . and no. I find poly difficult to work with, so wax is typically my preferred option for a topcoat.
The more I use it, the more comfortable I get with it. I really like the aged effect dark wax can give, and I like that a wax topcoat will not yellow or chip off in pieces like poly will.
BUT, paste wax has also ruined or almost ruined several projects of mine. I have found that it does not pair well with dark paint colors, as it tends to settle in the cracks and get streaky and cloudy.
The only way to solve that problem is to buff like crazy . . . but even with the strongest arms it sometimes doesn’t clear up.
In the case of this black headboard above I had to repaint the whole piece and use poly as the topcoat instead. I have had this problem with multiple types of waxes, in hot weather and cold weather, with chalk paint and milk paint, and even on top of stained wood.
So I have become very wary of applying wax to stained surfaces or dark painted pieces.
I also do not care for the sticky feeling that can sometimes linger with a wax finish.
Also, many of my custom work customers find themselves unsatisfied with a wax finish because it so different than your typical painted furniture finish.
There is a general hesitancy to accept that it really will be as durable as I say it will be, and I prefer to not have to talk my customers into a product.
In all honesty, I believe that most people tolerate wax because they love chalk and milk paint so much! It’s a good product, but it has its drawbacks, just like polyurethane.
It really comes down to what your comfortable working with, and what final look you are trying to create.
I hope this has answered some of your wax questions and cleared up some of the confusion about how to use the product.
Please feel free to ask any other questions you may have in the comments, or email me. I share from my own experience and do not claim to know everything about every wax product, so I expect that others out there may have differing opinions. Thank you for letting me share mine 🙂
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